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Summary

China is the home to the richest and oldest heritage of art & literature in the world. Some of the famous works have been translated into foreign languages but most of them are not translated or non-translatable. Thus they are unknown to the outside world.

Calligraphy is regarded as the highest form of visual arts in China and the neighboring states such as Japan and Korea, of which their culture are greatly influenced by China. Artists expressed their thought, imagination and feeling in calligraphy using only brushes, ink and paper. Chinese paintings are usually accomplished with calligraphy to name the title of the work.

Chinese painting in ancient time is not as colorful as the western painting. They are, just like calligraphy, using brushes, ink and paper. Color plays very minor role in a good painting. Although nature, mountain, human and other beings are the subjects of the painting, the main themes of the art works are purposed to reflecting artist's imagination and thoughts. Chinese painting seldom resembles the true appearance of the subject but through the existence of the subject and the environment to bring the viewer into artist inside world.

Music, chess, poetry and visual arts are the four main measurements for all scholars. Many of the artists were senior government officers. The poets written in different stages of Chinese history reflected the true political and social structure at that time.

The four most popular literatures in China are " The dream of the red chamber", "Water margin", " The journey to the west" and "Story of west chamber". All these have been translated into foreign languages. There are many works in literature, poetry, philosophies and medicine have not been translated and thus not accessible to foreigners. ( Romance of Three Kingdoms, The Legend of the White Snake).

One of the most talk-about Chinese ancient works is Yi-jing or I-Ching. For people interested in this subject, there are many international study groups very active in this area. 

Chinese heritages are also reflected in music instruments, Chinese operas, music, vessels, jay, sculptures and other art forms. A lot of these were used as funerary objects and China has been continuously making new discoveries of these sites that again and again confirms that Chinese even from the early days had developed a very civilized and cultured society.

China has very rich heritages from their minority groups, which each of them has own form of visual arts, performance arts and music. Chinese, Hen or minority groups, are living together peacefully in a nation with very colorful culture of different varieties.

Chinese will share their heritages with other nations with more and more performance, exhibitions and translations to introduce Chinese culture, arts, music and philosophies. Through these activities, better understanding and appreciation of Chinese culture and thinking can be achieved. 

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